African elephants were moved into more “unprotected” categories
Recently, two important decisions have been taken, concerning African elephants. This will lead to serious consequences for the survival of these animals.
First of all, the preservation of the African elephants has finally recognized African elephants as two species: forest and savannah. Before, they used to be considered as one species.
Secondly, in March, African elephants were moved into more “unprotected” categories. African elephants, as a single species, were previously recognized as “unprotected”, as their population has declined by more than 30% over the past three generations.
But now forest elephants have been classified as “endangered,” a category of species that has declined by more than 80% over three generations. Savannah elephants have also been registered as “endangered,” a decline of more than 50% over three generations.
Now, environmentalists can focus on understanding their unique ecology and discussing the specific threats they face as a result of human influence.
An estimated 86% decline in the population between 1990 and 2015 put forest elephants right in the “endangered” category. The decline in the number of forest elephants is caused by poaching. This has affected both forest elephants and savannah elephants over the centuries but has been greatly increased by the appearance of modern weapons, as well as rising bone prices.
However, forest elephants are tricky and live in distant. This means that they received little attention compared to the elephants of the savannah.
It is also known that the number of fruits in some African forests is declining due to climate change. This makes forest elephants very unsafe because of food lack.
The most urgent action needed to stop the extinction of forest elephants is to combat poaching. But keeping track of threats to forest elephants isn’t easy. This makes the research a key tool that can be used to better handle their defense. This includes counting forest elephants, understanding their appearance and evolution, identifying threats, and monitoring population trends.
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