ALL ABOUT LAND POLLUTION
It is no doubt that we are currently experiencing pollution in many forms, as the global population has grown and urbanization has developed we have found ourselves in a predicament like no other. Although pollution in any form is by no means a positive thing land pollution is a strong contributor to many of the problems we see today. From waste to overuse on nonbiodegradable products many parts of the earth’s surface are now becoming inhabitable due to the effects of pollution. While we may not see these effects directly they are very much there, and not only are they affecting human life but the lives of animals and marine life too, and let’s not forget about nature and the environment who are too harmed as a result of the land pollution seen today.
WHAT IS LAND POLLUTION?
The land pollution definition refers to the deposition of waste that is found on and below the earth’s surface. In fact, almost all of the earth’s surfaces are now in someway covered by land pollution, there is not a single space found on earth that hasn’t in some way been impacted by land pollution or its effects. Land pollution occurs when substances are put into the environment that is deemed to be harmful and non-eco-friendly, as a result, these substances damage the earth’s surface, including the land and its quality, water and even air are too side effects of land pollution. When the waste materials secreted into the earth’s surface build-up they begin to contaminate the soil and well as the groundwater and thus in most cases leave those specific pieces of land damaged and unusable. The amount of waste both hazardous and non-hazardous dumped into our lands each year is astronomical and is virtually impossible for land pollution not to be created as a result.
TYPES OF LAND POLLUTION
There are quite a few different types of land pollution which each contribute significant amounts towards the overall effect, some of the major types of land pollution include
Agricultural land pollution refers to land pollution as a result of the mass use of fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, and insecticides that are used in the agricultural sector to maximize yields. These products are packed with harsh chemicals that tend to harm the soil and rid it of its valuable minerals needed to reduce the effects of land pollution.
Non-biodegradable solid waste
The vast majority of waste we produce is non-biodegradable which means that it does not have the ability to decompose into the earth’s surface. These kinds of products include things such as glass, metal, and plastic. The more these products pile up in our landfills the worse the land pollution is.
Industrial waste products such as chemicals, plastics, metals, and paints produced by manufacturing companies, factories, and power plants are another main contributor to our overall land pollution. These chemicals and waste products land up in our landfills and are toxic to the soil.
SOIL AND LAND POLLUTION
Soil and land pollution go hand in hand and is basically another form of land pollution, this is because when the upper layer of the soil becomes damaged the harsher the effects of land pollution will be. Some contributors to soil pollution examples include
- Soil erosion
- Chemical fertilizers
- Pest control equipment
Once these factors affect the soil, the soil becomes infertile and the land that could once be used for agriculture and grazing is forever lost. As well as this, the worse the soil pollution is in the areas where landfills are, the more the land pollution will be experienced.
MAIN CAUSES OF POLLUTION
There are many different sources of land pollution that contribute to causing its massive effect, some of these include
Soil Erosion and Deforestation
Deforestation creates dry and barren land which means it is no longer usable and can never be usable again. The same goes for soil erosion and its ability to create infertile soil, these areas of land are then much more susceptible to land pollution.
Mining activities create spaces below the earth’s surface, eventually, these spaces will cave in, disrupt the natural flow of the soil.
Farmers using an increased amount of pesticides and toxic fertilizers in order to create a larger amount of uninfected vegetation results in the contamination of the soil.
As the population has grown and the demand for more space, food, and utilities has increased so has the amount of waste disposed of, this meant that more industries were developed, leading to more deforestation and areas of unusable land, leading to soil contamination and of course an increase in land pollution.
Some other causes of land pollution include
- Landfills being overcrowded
- Various types of waste products
- Construction activities
- Nuclear waste
CONSEQUENCES OF LAND POLLUTION
There an abundance of problems of land pollution which are affecting the everyday lives of mankind, animals, marine life, and the state of the environment. Some of the land pollution effects include
- Unsafe drinking water
- Polluted soil ( inability to grow vegetation and crops as a result of its infertility ).
- Climate change ( one of the greatest problems our planet is facing to date ).
- Endangerment of vulnerable animal species ( increased risk of extinction ).
- Loss of habitat.
- Increase in wildfires ( as a result of polluted areas becoming extremely dry ).
- Increased air pollution ( largely as a result of the burning of land waste products ).
- Contamination of oceans, loss of marine life.
- Increased risk of cancer development as a result of breathing in toxic chemicals.
- Food contamination.
- Loss of topsoil.
- Increased risk of breathing disorders in humans.
- Increased risk of developmental defects in children.
As you can see there are many many effects of land pollution and as they are all interlinked, they are bound to affect the entire global population of both humans and animals in some way or another.
HOW TO PREVENT LAND POLLUTION
As we have seen the great and devastating effects that land pollution can have, the best step forward is to understand how to prevent it further and well as how to reduce land pollution in general. There have already been many activities set out to achieve these goals and some of the many solutions to land pollution include
Reduce, reuse and recycle
This is one of the most simple steps each individual can take towards preventing and minimizing land pollution, by taking action yourself and making those around aware you can help contribute with ease. Reusing materials means less of those products have to be produced, recycling products means that they can eventually be reused, and reducing your overall use of plastic and non-biodegradable materials will all benefit towards the prevention of future land pollution.
- Avoid purchasing items that are pre-packaged as this will eventually land up in the landfills.
- Decrease the amount you litter, do not through your waste on the ground, instead use proper disposal garbage bins.
- Buying organic products as they are produced without the use of pesticides, the higher the demand for these types of products the less toxic chemicals will need to be used to feed the population.
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