ANIMALS IN THE TUNDRA
There are so many different species of animals within the world we live in, they are all inhabitants of different parts of the world, adapting to surroundings and climates around the entire spectrum of Earth. We often hear about animals in the wild and animals in the forests but what about all the ones that we don’t see so much, the ones that are more specific to regions we wouldn’t associate with animals. Well, the tundra biome is home to a huge variety of animals, these tundra animals are quiet special and rare as their surrounding are different to most.
ANIMALS IN THE TUNDRA
In order to understand the variety of tundra biome animals we first need to understand what the tundra biome is. To sum it up The tundra ecosystems are regions found in the arctic that are completely bare and treeless, they are located on the top of mountains where the climate is extremely cold and windy and is often covered by snow for most parts of the year. For these reasons, there is a very small amount of animals that live in the tundra. The weather is very dry with little rainfall and with only a few days of sunshine, there is little greenery and only the rare occasions of wildflowers that sprout during the warmer season.
WHAT ANIMALS ARE IN THE TUNDRA BIOME?
Now that we understand what the Tundra is we can understand which animals in the tundra biome we can expect to find. There are many types of animals in the tundra, these include a variety of wolves and foxes as well as birds and lemmings. The Muskox is one of the rarest animals that can be found in the tundra. It is a massive mammal that carries an extremely thick coat of fur which allows it to survive the drastically cold temperatures of the arctic. They are herbivores who survive off of roots and lichens to keep themselves fed. Their large hoofed feet allow them to dig through the snow to scavenge for food and resources, they often travel in large groups and have inhabited the tundra region for thousands of years, with their shaggy, long, furry coat making them truly iconic. Another one of the tundra common animals is the Arctic Fox, this beautiful white-furred fox is a very small species of fox that are well adapted to living in the cold regions within the tundra biome. Its thick layers of white fur help to keep it warm during the winters as well as work as a camouflage tool when blending in with the snow it’s used as a protective tool against predators as well as to aid the hunting process. They live off of birds and fish and often find shelters in tunnels or by digging holes beneath the snow. These relatively small animals only live for around three to six years but breed about fourteen cubs to each female every year.
WHAT ANIMALS LIVE IN THE ARCTIC TUNDRA?
Animals found in the tundra are special because of the length of specific adaptations that need to be had in order to survive the conditions of the bare and cold tundra regions. One of the arctic tundra animals includes the Walrus, this one is more well known and common to most in society but this extremely large marine mammal is known for its long tusks, mustaches, and wrinkly oversized skin. The ice is their home as they travel in herds are predators to many, they are loud and aggressive animals especially during the mating season. They feed off of fish found in the ocean and their skin full of blubbers gives them protection against the cold.
TUNDRA ANIMALS ADAPTATIONS
In order for any animal to survive the extreme weather conditions of the tundra, they need to have specific adaptations unique to each specie in order to survive. The Arctic Hare for example is a creature that is highly adapted to the harsh conditions of the tundra region. These white-furred animals are covered in a thick coat that allows them to store heat within their bodies. They also have shortened ears and their white coat acts as a perfect camouflage to the snow and as they can run at super-fast speeds, these are used as protective mechanisms against predators as well as to increase their survival rate. The Snowy Owl is another species perfectly adapted to living in the harsh environment of the Tundra. It is a very large version of a typical owl and is white in color. As the owls get older their coloring gets increasingly more white, helping to blend into their surroundings as it patiently hunts with the aid of their very strong hearing and eyesight abilities which can help them find prey even if they cannot see them. All these features that are different from what you may find in the more common owl species are the only way these owls can survive in the Tundra biome; adaptations are the key to survival for all inhabitants.
ENDANGERED ANIMALS IN THE TUNDRA
Some of the oldest species known to the Tundra region are also some of the endangered species too. This includes the Arctic Fox we mentioned earlier, due to overhunting and the increase of red foxes in many areas this beautiful animal is facing a high threat as its numbers are decreasing rapidly. The Polar Bear is to facing possible extinction and due to climate change and the large ice melting they have become and continue to become more and more endangered. This is because their food sources are declining as a result of the ice melting these bears are finding it hard to stay alive in the big numbers they travel with.
TUNDRA ANIMAL FACTS
Some interesting things to consider when learning about the tundra ecosystem animals include some facts about the regions and its inhabitants.
For one most tundra animals have smaller tails and ears than most.
The tundra is also a very important yet very fragile region that faces many many threats each day due to global warming and climate change.
There is two types of tundra regions, one being the Arctic Tundra and the other being the Alpine tundra.
There is a layer of permanent frost below the ground that remains completely frozen all year round which stops trees and vegetation from growing.
TUNDRA ANIMAL LIST
Some other animals that can be found in the tundra include:
1. Arctic Wolf
2. Beluga Whale
3. Snow Goose
These animals along with many others are adapted to living in the harsh conditions of the Tundra biome and with specific characteristics and features are able to survive through a more complicated ecosystem.
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