Bokashi Composting and Everything You Need to Know about it
Composting is a sustainable technique that uses old food waste and turns it into organic fertilizer that can later be used to help enrich the soil and grow plants and flowers. The typical composting method usually just requires natural food waste such as vegetables and fruits, but this newfound system known as bokashi composting has experimented with this traditional technique and elevated it to a whole new level by using specialist bacteria and not decomposition.
This Japanese composting technique also all kinds of kitchen waste to be fermented and composted, the process of the bokashi system is also super simple, easy, and efficient and does not let off the rotten spell we usually expect to see. In this article ill be explaining to you exactly what the bokashi method comprises and how you can integrate it into your home.
What Is Bokashi Composting?
So what is bokashi composting? The bokashi composting system uses anaerobic bacteria, better known as lactic acid bacteria, along with yeast to break down food scraps, the is contrary to the traditional method of fermentation that uses aerobic bacteria for the breakdown process. The great thing about bokashi fermentation is that it can break down all food waste including cooked food, protein, and dairy products. The bokashi process is also a lot quicker than any traditional technique and eliminates the bad smell and over-water use of standard composting. The process is also extremely easy and manageable, works on any size garden, and doesn’t attract any unwanted pests throughout the process. This is a great solution to reusing food waste and scraps, in preparation for a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future for our planet.
Differences between Bokashi Compost and Traditional Compost
Although the bokashi method of composting sounds extremely appealing for all its pros if you still don’t believe me then let me prove it to you with these comparative facts.
One of the best aspects of Bokashi is the fact that the fermentation process is so quick. The bokashi composting process can take all your food scraps and turn them into rich, fertile compost in just 4-6 weeks. This is a huge difference compared to traditional composting which can take anywhere between 7-10 months.
Another pro about bokashi composting is that the process is extremely easy and requires no in-depth knowledge at all, making it appropriate for anyone to get started. All you’ll need is a bokashi bin or bucket, your food waste, and the standard Bokashi bran formula that helps it to ferment. Everything goes into the bin and is only reopened after a 4-week period.
No nutrient or water loss
Another enticing fact about bokashi composting is that the process happens inside f a container, meaning there is no loss of nutrients or water through evaporation or leakage. This is great as no water needs to be added to your pile like the traditional composting method.
One of the best if not the greatest aspect of bokashi composting is that you dont have to deal with any putrid smells. This also means that the process happening inside the bokashi compost bin doesn’t attract any unwanted pests such as rats, flies, and mice that are strongly associated with traditional composting and can create quite a lot of external issues.
How to Be a Bokashi Composter
Now that you know a little more about what bokashi composting is, let’s dive into how you can institute it into your home.
The first step of the bokashi composting DIY process is to get yourself some bokashi bins in which you can distribute your bokashi bran and food waste scraps. Into your bucket, you can through all your food straps including fruits, vegetables, cooked food (leftovers), meat bones, dairy, and any baked goods. It’s good to know that molded or rotten food should not be put into your bin as this will disturb the fermentation process.
The next step is adding your bokashi bran.
How to make bokashi bran:
- The bran can be bought along with the bucket
- The bran can be made at home by mixing 1 tablespoon of EM-1 with 250ml of warm water, 1 tablespoon of molasses into 500 grams of wheat bran mix and combine thoroughly.
Once you have your bran made, you can add 100ml into your bokashi bucket ensuring that all your food waste is lightly covered. Always be generous with your bran as you can never add too much. This process should be repeated every day until your bokashi compost bucket is completely full. Once the bin is full seal the lid and allows it to do its thing. It is important to note that your bokashi bin should not be exposed to any extreme weather conditions including direct sunlight or freezing cold temperatures. Because bokashi composting does not excrete harsh smells, it can even be ket inside the kitchen where room temperature is the most ideal for fast fermentation.
The next step to completing your bokashi bucket’s composting process is to bury or compost the food waste. Once your food waste has fermented inside the bokashi bucket it is ready to be buried in your garden. Your bin should be ready within 2 weeks at the minimum, or once a white mold has formed at the top. There are three different methods you can use to compost your food waste. These include:
Trench method of burying
This method includes building a trench in an area of your garden that is about one meter long and empty your compost into the trench and then cover with soil, allowing the compost to seep into the soil.
Pile compost burying
This is probably the most popular method due to its simplicity and little effort required. Similar to the trench method the food waste is buried but into your compost pile instead of directly into your soil.
A composting bin can be made at home using any large plastic boxes or bins. For this, you need to put a few scoops of regular soil into your bin and then cover it with your compost created inside your bokashi bins and cover. This can be used until the large bin is full and then can be transported into the ground to help fertilizes the soil.
And just like that, you have learned what the bokashi composting technique is, how to make bokashi inoculant and how to implement this new and extremely efficient composting technique into your home. This way of creating compost is the most sustainable and environmentally friendly on the market today and not only does it benefit our planet, but it also benefits us, by giving us the ability to create fertile and rich soil for our gardens as well as being able to reduce our overall carbon footprint. I suggest you give the bokashi composting technique a try and experience the impactful results through your own eyes.
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