DANGERS OF COAL MINING
WHY IS COAL MINING DANGEROUS?
There are many problems with coal mining and many negative effects it has not only on the environment but also on human health and safety. Coal mining comes with many safety hazards and risks and creates many serious issues within the coal mine and to those working directly in the midst of it all but more devastating effects actually occur to the areas, communities, and settlements that surround coal mines. Underground coal mining environmental impacts have led to some extreme disasters that deem it one of the most dangerous human activities.
HOW DOES COAL MINING AFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT?
So is coal mining bad for the environment? Yes most definitely so there are many many negative effects of coal mining on the environment, including that of the pollution and hazards it causes. Coal mining pollution is one of the main impacts caused to the environment the process of coal mining, air pollution is caused by the toxic chemicals that are released from coal mines during activity. These toxic chemicals include sulfur dioxide, methane, and nitrogen oxides which can lead to some serious and dangerous outcomes such as smog, acid rain, and many respiratory and cardiovascular effects. Some other environmental issues caused by coal mining include.
The climate is negatively affected by the coal mining process because of the coal-fired plants that are situated above ground housing all the chemical toxins. Making coal emits tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which contributes greatly to global warming.
COAL COMBUSTION WASTE
The waste products left as a result f coal mining is disposited directly into our landfills and although there is a protective lining of clay or plastic this is dissolved over time due to rainfall and as the rain filters through these larges pits of toxic ash, the toxic metals get released and spread amongst our local environment, often affecting many peoples entires villages and communities.
Coal fires often occur within active coal mines, coal mining waste locations, and abandoned coal mines, these fires are extremely dangerous as tons of mercury is released into our atmospheres and these emissions released through the fires contribute largely towards the worlds yearly carbon dioxide emissions leading to greater implications such as climate change and global warming.
COAL MINING METHANE
Coal mines produce very large amounts of methane which is a greenhouse gas that is almost twenty times more powerful in destruction than CO2. As underground mines grew more methane has been released into our atmosphere which has led to a global increase of around 20 percent. Many of these underground mines have also faced outbursts as a result of the large methane emissions, leading to many human disasters and tragedies.
EFFECTS OF COAL MINING ON HUMAN HEALTH
As we have discussed so far coal mining has some seriously dangerous implications on our environment, but what about human health? Just as it negatively affects the environment and live in so does it affect human health directly as well as the quality of human life. Its effects on human health include
INJURIES AND DEATHS
Those working in the underground coal mines have witnessed and faced some astronomical injuries and deaths as a result of the danger encountered through the coal mining process. There have been many accidents reported on large scales including the collapse of a coal mine in China leading to the deaths of over 4700 innocent people. Many others get injured on the rails transporting them underground and others facing severe and even permanent injuries from the numerous collapse of rocks that occur within the mines each year.
A serious effect of coal mining is the long-term effect it has on human health and the respiratory system, in particular, this is due to the large amounts of dust emitted by coal mines and the consistent breathing in of this dust can lead to serious illness such as pneumoconiosis and asbestosis. Respiratory complications also affect those living in the surrounding areas of the coal mines and many have reported being suffering from lung cancer, lung irritation, and mercury poising as a result.
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