How the Current Environmental Crisis Affects Nutrient Cycle?
The current state of our environment could be characterized only as a crisis. Many articles were written about the harmful environmental impact of human activity and how it affects all the Earth’s ecosystems.
Each of the Earth’s ecospheres suffers because of disastrous anthropogenic activity and its consequences. It is not a secret that oceans, forests, and wildlands are polluted, depleted, or completely devastated by humans and an indefatigable market’s demand.
We produce incalculable numbers of goods and food products and emit enormous amounts of wastage. Most of those products will never be used or consumed properly. As a result, we use unimaginable numbers of resources, devastating the planet, and the environment.
Fertile soil is exploited continuously to feed cattle. Deforestation had gained a massive character during the last decades and since the 1900s, oceans were devastated for more than eighty percent.
All these factors impoverish the environment by reducing the number of existing species and lowering biodiversity in most of the Earth’s regions. That affects the nutrient cycle very much.
The nutrient cycle
The nutrient cycle is a process that ensures the general evolution of life. When animals, plants, and microorganisms die, they are turning into fodder for other living creatures. Dead animals are being eaten by bacteria, insects, and scavenger species. Fallen plants serve as food for other plants.
Fallen biomass will eventually transform into the soil. The nutrient cycle ensures the regeneration of life by providing an efficient metabolic process. Fallen creatures and plants serve as an integral part of a nutrient cycle by serving as food for living species.
In general, all manifestations of eating, hunting, and consumption of nutrients in the environment constitute the nutrient cycle. It is not a chaotic process. It had been developing for hundreds of millions of years. Food chains characterize and illustratively depict this process.
All living species depend on each other. If one species becomes extinct, other species will be affected too. Considering this main principle of the food chains’ functioning and development, it is not a surprise that a negative and devastating anthropogenic activity viciously disrupts the nutrient cycle.
What is the result of the forest’s cut?
Humans cut down the forests, leaving multiple animals without shelter and depleting the forest floor. The fewer plants that will grow and die, the less nutritious elements will enter the environment. The soil impoverishes rapidly and where there are fields and pastures, there are much fewer nutrients and nourishing macro-and microelements.
Now, farmers need vast quantities of fertilizers to increase the number of crops and fruitions. Those fertilizers are unaccustomed and harmful to the soil and although they benefit crops a lot, they negatively affect the rest of the environment. Eventually, they will enter the oceans, causing the creation of dead zones and making vast areas of water mass inhabitable.
Oceans have suffered the most
More than eighty percent of living biomass were caught and trawled by fishers and trawler ships. There’s no need to explain how badly it affected the nutrient cycle.
The nutrient cycle in an ecosystem requires gradual and measured development of life forms and the ways of how they communicate and interrelate between themselves. Anthropogenic activity flagrantly interrupts the existing ways of life, causing irreversible harm and damage.
Global Warming is another consequence of the current environmental crisis. CO2 emissions and the greenhouse effect increase global temperature levels, causing the extinction of many vulnerable to such changes in creatures.
The nutrient cycle is a complicated, long-established process that can’t cope with a chaotic and disastrous anthropogenic activity. Species die out and the number of biomass rapidly reduces which leads to a massive depletion of the numbers of nutrients and microelements in nature.
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