Mangroves are trees or shrubs that live along the coastline in extremely warm weather conditions. They have the ability to survive in a way that most trees would not be able to withstand. Mangroves have adapted to rapid tides, waves, and current and wet muddy terrain and serve as an important part of keeping our oceans healthy and sustainable to a variety of sea, land, and sky animals in which they give them shelter and resources for survival. There are many facts about mangrove forests and facts about mangrove trees that are not common knowledge to most as it is almost a hidden part of our ecosystem which provides us with better living conditions.
MANGROVE TREE FACTS
Some interesting facts about mangroves include
- Mangroves are the only tree species in the entire world that can survive the harsh effects of saltwater. Saltwater from our oceans in its high concentration is extremely toxic for tree species but mangroves have the ability to excrete it through their leaves which are covered in layers of wax and thus can maintain a survival rate above no other.
- Researchers are not sure exactly how many different species of mangrove trees there are but it is estimated at around 50-100 different species that have a diverse range in height and size but all species have the same oval-shaped leaves that allow them to survive the harsh and unconditioned habitats of coastal areas.
- Mangroves provide an imperative habitat to many different species in which they seek shelter from predators, food resources, and the ability to maintain a healthy thriving ecosystem amongst wet terrain and harsh weather conditions.
RED MANGROVES FACTS
Red mangroves are a species of mangrove trees that are evergreen with big broad shaped leaves. Their roots are unique and easily noticeable due to their intertwined twined and above-ground appearance, Red mangroves are large in height and can grow up to 24 meters tall except for in the US in which they have more of a shrub-like appearance. A fun fact about mangroves is that red mangrove trees are also known as walking trees because of their floating on water appearance.
BLACK MANGROVE FACTS
Black mangrove trees have silvery green leaves with an extremely large and dark trunk, they also have what seems to be a crystalized salt running through their broad leaves. They have the ability to survive saltwater by absorbing the saltwater, making use of the water, and then releasing the salt back into the water. ironically black mangroves also have white flowers that bloom in the springtime and usually grow higher up on the shoreline.
WHITE MANGROVE FACTS
White mangroves, unlike red and black mangrove trees, are small in size and are lower to the ground giving them somewhat of a shrub-like appearance. The leaves of white mangrove trees have a leathery look to them which hold small glands on the bottom edges of each leaf. The white mangrove also grows fruit, these fruits are a red-brown color containing dark red seeds. These trees are covered in a thick and scaly textured bark that helps to protect it from its surrounding environment.
MANGROVE FOREST FACTS
- The roots of mangrove trees get enriched under the water and provide a crucial place for thousands of fish and marine species who use the provided roots as part of their habitat system. This root design is also used to nurse the young of thousands of different fish species and is a critical part of the breeding and survival process.
- The largest mangrove forest can be found in Indonesia in which they cover an extremely large amount of space with thousands of mangrove trees making up around twenty-three thousand square kilometers.
- Mangrove forests help to fight against climate change and its effects by having the ability to absorb and store large amounts of carbon for long periods of time.
- Mangrove forests are an important part of maintaining healthy sea levels which in turn helps to keep us safe. Its unique and well adapted thick and intertwined roots give it the ability to control the tides which is critical due to the rising sea level as a result of global warming.
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