Reasons and Consequences of Water Pollution
Water is the most important substance that ensures the existence of life. Life is impossible without water and we wouldn’t be here without it. Water ensures the very existence of all life forms on our planet because there’s no living creature that can live and breed without water.
Humans, animals, bacteria, and plants need water for living. Although water covers seventy percent of the Earth’s surface, the amounts of fresh water that humans need are very small.
Only two percent of all water reserves are related to freshwater and only half of it is available. The rest is still trapped in the glaciers on the North and South poles. Somehow, humanity managed to spoil and taint a significant part of freshwater.
Now, nearly two billion people don’t have access to fresh and clean fresh water. People take water for granted and global consumerism might be the possible reason for such neglecting and irresponsible usage of such irreplaceable resources.
Technological progress has shown us that humanity can responsibly use nature’s resources and replenish them but for now, humanity’s activity only spoils and wastes them. All spheres of human life involve the usage of water. Energetics, manufacturing, cropping, fashion industry, meat and food industries, metallurgy, and pharmacology require vast amounts of water.
After the production, the used water becomes abundant with chemicals, toxins, and hazardous elements. Biological waste also spoils the waters all around the globe. Wastage, toxins, and other hazardous elements enter groundwater and natural water reserves.
Generally, freshwater pollution is globalized and there are numerous reasons for that
Industrial dumping pollutes ocean and land waters with enormous amounts of chemicals and non-bio-degradable industrial toxins. Atomic power-plants saturate the water with radionuclides and oceans are used for dumping radioactive waste. Oil spillages are the surface water pollutant because they don’t sink at all.
The food industry consumes the biggest part of freshwater. Millions of tons of water are used for cropping, then a bigger part of crops are used to feed animals. Water serves for cattle watering, while cattle animals produce unimaginable volumes of biological waste. Repositories, made for such wastage are often being built badly, so a significant amount of biological wastes enters the oceans, rivers and groundwater creating the breeding ground for bacteria and future epidemics.
Humanity produces and emits more than four hundred billion of wastage annually. Plastic, rubber, paints, disposable items, chemicals, and other items enter the environment with no proper recycling process. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the most noticeable and illustrative example of human activity on Planet Earth.
This anomaly consists of millions of plastic particles, which float on the ocean’s surface, harming marine life and saturating ocean waters with microplastic. Microplastic enters the bodies of marine inhabitants through the plankton who is the primary food source of many species.
Plankton absorbs radionuclides, toxins, and microplastic, passing these elements to bigger creatures such as fish, crustaceans, whales, and squids. Finally, these elements appear on our plates and then we pass them further.
Natural catastrophes are often caused by irresponsible and amateurish management of oil ships and oil pipelines. The catastrophe at the Gulf of Mexico and Exxon Valdez oil spillage proves that humanity’s greed and ambitions can destroy entire ecosystems in one moment.
There’re many testimonies of oil pipeline breakages and massive leaks from oil reservoirs all around the globe. A recent accident in the Russian city of Norilsk has caused the spillage of more than twenty thousand tons of oil. The environmental damage has been valued at two billion dollars.
Water pollution could have disastrous consequences for humanity and the planet. Since the reserves of freshwater are strictly limited and many people don’t have access to clean and safe freshwater already, the lack of water is the most expected and the most possible consequence of water pollution. There’s no need to explain how this will affect humanity and ecosystems.
Today, entire species and ecosystems are being destroyed because of water pollution and if freshwater will run out, there’s no chance the wild animals will be able to water themselves.
Freshwater pollution causes irreversible damage to our planet and humanity. Vast volumes of biological waste spoil the water, saturating it with aggressive and dangerous bacteria. Tiff, cholera, chickenpox, the colon bacillus, and dysentery are only a few consequences of poisoned water intake.
What protective measures were taken to reduce water pollution?
Various toxic chemicals enter the water. They cannot be extracted since water is a perfect solvent. Radionuclides, toxins, bacteria, and on and on are present in freshwater that we drink. Effects of water pollution on human health include various infections, illnesses of the digestive system, and overall intoxication of the human body.
Today, not so many protective measures were taken to reduce water pollution. The most common and the most effective way to limit the entering waste is water abstraction which is designed to catch all waste elements and to not let toxic substances enter the environment.
Different types of water pollution make water pollution a sophisticated and complex problem that cannot be solved at once. There’s no certain way to stop or prevent water pollution.
The real problem hides in irresponsible waste management. Eighty percent of all plastic waste enters the oceans through the six biggest rivers in Asia and Indonesia. Floating plastic islands and oil stains disrupt natural ecosystems and long-established life circles of local animal species.
Oil spillages contaminate waters the most
In fact, floating ship dumps used materials, fuels, and other wastage right into the oceans because waste recycling and utilization cost much more than dumping.
The problem of water pollution hasn’t been loudly popularized mostly because water itself has been taken for granted by humanity and the world’s leaders. Animal welfare concerns many people, creating massive vegan and animal protection movements but in fact, water pollution is something that can globally overturn normal life.
Water pollution is the invisible but yet fatal consequence of human activity and only now humanity has a chance to stop it. Most of the time, the consequences of water pollution cannot be fixed or eased.
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