SUBSPECIES OF TIGERS
Inside our large planet lies thousands of different animal species, from the tiniest of insects to animals as large as elephants, lions, and even tigers. What people don’t necessarily know is that within a group of tigers are many types of tigers. Each with a slight difference in appearance, capabilities, habitat, and adaptations. Each one of these different tigers brings importance to the animal community and cycle, with different purposes, needs, and uses. In this article, you will learn about all the different species of tigers in the world, where to find them as well as their endangerment status.
There are many different types of tigers in the world some small in size and population and others on the vast end of the spectrum. Before we get into the different types of tigers let’s first get to know tigers as a whole a little bit better. Tigers are large wild animals that come from the cat family that can often be found in forested or deserted areas such as tropical rainforests, evergreen forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands, and savannas. Tigers have been facing endangerment for many years now and as global warming and climate change have increased so has the number of their population decreased meaning they are facing threats towards extinction. These large animals can weigh anywhere between 220 pounds to a whopping 660 pounds on average and with a height of around 70-120 cm, they are up to there with some of the most intimidating animals in the wildlife community.
HOW MANY TYPES OF TIGERS ARE THERE IN THE WORLD?
So how many species of tigers are there in the world? There are six different subspecies of tiger that can be found across the globe, there used to be two more tiger species until they were presumed extinct in both 1937 and 1950. These different types of tigers include the Bengal Tiger, Siberian Tiger, Sumatran Tiger, Malayan Tiger, Indochinese Tiger, and South China Tiger as well as the extinct species known as the Balinese Tiger and the Caspian tiger. These types of tigers can be found in places such as Russia, China, India, Southwest Africa, and the far eats parts of North Korea.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF TIGERS?
The different types of tigers in the world include the subspecies tigers
Siberian tigers are a large species of tigers that are extremely muscular and have very powerful limbs allowing them to hunt and run at an incredible pace. Siberian Tigers vary from the very orange color all the way to brown with black and whites tripes in between. These tigers have particularly small ears that are rounded in shape and surrounded by the ocelli which help them communicate within their species. Siberian tigers are also the biggest types of tiger in the world and each has a unique striped pattern which helps them camouflage as well as helps which the identification process during scientific research. They have a very thick fur which helps to keep them warm as well as a mane that helps them stand out from all other different tiger species. The Siberian tiger can be found in a small region in Russia as well as in China and North Korea. Siberian tigers are actually considered to be an endangered species as they are often poached and hunted illegally for the trade of their fur.
The Bengal tiger is a type of tiger that has nine different subspecies within it, however, three of these have already been deemed extinct. Bengal tigers are most commonly found in parts of Asia as well as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal. Bengal tigers are the most common types of tigers to see and are an important part of Indian tradition. These tigers are quite aggressive, they live alone and aim to hunt prey such as buffalo, deer, and wild pigs by using their nocturnal vision and camouflage capabilities.
These types tigers can be in several different regions of Asia including Burma, Cambodia, China, Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand. These species of tiger are much darker in color and also much smaller in size than that of a Bengal or Siberian tiger. They are often found in forested areas on top of large hills or mountains, however, the population of Indochinese tigers has declined rapidly over the past years and they are quite a rare sight t see nowadays with only a mere 350 Indochinese tigers remaining in the world. Their favorite food to feed on is deer and they are solitary mammals who prefer to fend for themselves. They can be found in black, white, and orange colors and often live for up to 25 years.
This species of tiger can only be found in the south of the Malay Peninsula and is a relatively new subspecies of tiger, only discovered in the year 2004. While this species also risks endangerment with only about 500 living today and are classified as the smallest subspecies of tiger living today. These tigers have a lot of cultural significance in Malaysia and can be seen in logos across Malayasia as they pay tribute t the beautiful mammal and its protective meaning. These tigers are carnivores that hunt and eat deer, cattle, wild boar, and even sun bears. They are also great swimmers and can easily cross rivers, however, they tend to sleep most of the day and move around a lot at night in which you can hear the roaring and groaning sounds that echo for miles.
The Sumatran tiger can only be found in Sumatra which is considered to be an island in Indonesia. This particular subspecies of tiger is at a critical point and is the most vulnerable of all tiger species to date. These are the smallest living subspecies of tigers in the world and weigh between 100-140 kilograms in males and 75 to 110 kilograms in females. Sumatran tigers are small in size as a way of adapting to their habitat in the dense forest of Sumatra. They have heavy and thick black stripes running along with their orange-colored fur and are one of the most important subspecies of tigers in the world.
South China Tigers
The last subspecies of tiger is the South China Tiger and is currently on the world’s top 10 most endangered species list due to its rapid decrease rate. These tigers are medium in size and are extremely strong, fast, and agile. They tend to stalk their prey by hiding in vegetation and waiting until they can prance and hunt. These tigers hunt alone in water as well as on land.
WHAT TYPES OF TIGERS ARE ENDANGERED?
There are many types of endangered tigers as well as some that are already extinct. Tigers as a whole are globally listed as endangered meaning that all subspecies are vulnerable and facing threats towards possible extinction. Some of the already extinct tiger subspecies include
These tigers used t be the smallest in the world and were often photographed and used in books and movies for the perfect-looking nature. The small and compacted size of the Bali tiger made it the perfect hunter and an elegant prey catcher that was considered to a scene of beauty in the Bali community. These tigers became extinct due to hunting and the last remaining tiger was in 1937.
The Caspian tiger also known as the Hyrcanian tiger or the Turan tiger was a subspecies that could be found in sparse forests where it was last seen all the ways back in the 1970s.
The Javan tiger when alive could only be seen on an island that it was named after known as Javan Island. These were one of the biggest tiger breeds but have not been seen since 1979 when it was declared extinct.
TIGER FACTS AND QUESTIONS
Tigers are one of the most fascinating species in the world and here is a bit more about what makes them so interesting and important.
- What is the biggest type of tiger?
- Siberian tigers are the world’s largest tiger breed and weigh up to 660 pounds.
- Tigers are the largest species of cat in the world.
- Tigers live anywhere between 20-26 years in the wild.
- What is the most common tiger to see?
- The Bengal tiger is the most common and can be spotted more often than others.
- Adult tigers tend to live alone.
- Tigers are actually great swimmers and love water.
- Tiger cubs are actually born blind and only open their eyes after 1 to 2 weeks from birth.
- Tiger cubs stay with their moms until they are about 18 months old.
- Tigers begin to learn how to hunt at a mere six months of age.
- Tiger communicates using secret markings, visual signals, and sounds such as roars, groans, moans, hisses, and growls.
- Tigers are carnivores and only eat meat.
- Tiger’s only predator is the man.
- Tigers are nocturnal animals.
- A group of tigers is either called an ambush or a streak.
- Tigers can run at a speed of around 60km/h.
As you can see tigers are extremely intelligent and intimate animals who play a big role within the natural wildlife cycle.
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