TAIGA PLANTS AND TREES
In a region that is made up of frozen soil, below-freezing temperatures, and harsh weather conditions there is still a visible plant life that has created its own adaptations to survive the taiga biome. Plants in the taiga are different from what we tend to observe normally, they grow in different ways as they inhabit the taiga forest along with animals, creating an ecosystem that can sustain a livable life in an important yet “hard to survive” part of our planet.
PLANTS IN THE TAIGA BIOME
The taiga is a rainforest situated in the northern hemisphere in between the tundra in the South of the Arctic circle. However, places like Alaska, Canada, and Siberia also have taigas as well as Russia which has the largest Taiga in the world. They are areas that have freezing cold temperatures for most of the year with only a few short days of ‘summer’ where plants can grow they are known for their frosted over soil and snow-covered trees. This means that is an extremely difficult environment for plants to actually grow and develop as they cannot implant their roots deep into the soil. However, there is still a variety of plants that have adapted to these conditions and grow within the taiga. These include trees that are largely conifers as well as a variety of mosses, ferns, mushrooms, and lichens.
What trees grow in Taiga?
The most common plant species one can find in the taiga are trees. There is not a lot of diversity found in the taiga biome plants and evergreen trees dominate as they are the best at surviving the harsh conditions. You will be able to see the same trees in large groups stretching across the land for miles and miles as together they can help to support each other. Coniferous trees like pine, fir, and spruce are the most common types of trees as they have large leaves that stay alive during the winter and hold enough space for many seeds to be reproduced. They have adapted to the region by holding less sap allowing them not to freeze up during the extremely cold months, their dark color also helps them to attract sunlight for warmth and photosynthesis. Some other trees that can be found include the Eastern Red Cedar, Scots Pine, and Siberian Spruce.
What plants grow in Taiga
Plants other than trees that can be found I the taiga, Fireweed is a plant that grows very low to the ground and covers big spans of empty and dead-looking in a rapid and effective way and as its name suggests it grows best in areas that have previously been affected by fires. Lingonberry is one of the most important plants that grow in the taiga as it is a vital food source for many animals and is strong enough to withstand the harshest of winters. Myrica Gale is a type of shrub-like plant that feeds off the moist conditions in the taiga and has adapted its entire root structure which allows it to easily implant itself.
What flowers grow in Taiga
Taiga flora does not grow in abundance and can usually only be found during the warmer months of the year. However, the flowers that can be found in the taiga are often small in size and grow close to the ground. Orchids amazingly grow well in the damp soil in the hotter months and many species can be found in the taiga, usually found with smaller flowers than what we’re typically used to seeing they can be seen in a variety of colors from yellow-green to light pink. Sarracenia purpurea is a purple-colored flower plant that attracts and traps insects and ingests them to fuel and sustain itself. Its large red and purple flowers make it one of the most beautiful and colorful plants that can be seen in the taiga region.
TAIGA PLANT ADAPTATIONS
There are many taiga facts that plants need to adapt to in order to maintain a strong structure and ultimately survival. In order for plants to even attempt to survive the conditions of the taiga, they have to make many adaptations key for survival. Mostly you will only find evergreen trees growing in the taiga as all year well kept leaves are an important adaptation for survival, this is because they contain needles that absorb moisture from the atmosphere in order to shake the snow off the leaves. The trees also have a coating that helps stop the evaporation process to avoid dryness. The drooping down leaves on the trees help to protect little seedlings and ensure that they grow by stopping snowfall from drowning them. The roots of trees also grow downwards allowing them to stand strong even through harsh winds and storms.
TAIGA PLANT LIST
Some more plant species that can be found in the taiga include
- Black Spruce
- Dahurian Larch
- Sphagnum Moss
- Bog Rosemary
- Reindeer Moss
- Tamarack Larch
As you can see the Taiga is a very harsh environment for plants to be able to grow with ease and create a sustainable system to fight the harsh weather conditions. A lot of the taiga remains bare for most of the year and you’re most likely to only see trees of the same kind that stretch for miles.
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