The Arctic Heats Up Two Times Faster Than the Rest of the Planet
Earth’s climate is characterized by varied and different climate zones such as Tropics, the Arctic, Antarctic, etc. But in recent decades, climate zones are becoming more and more miscellaneous.
Tropics get colder sometimes while the South and the North Poles become hotter and more humid. Climate Change, which manifests itself in Global Warming, changes all established natural processes and climatic metamorphoses causing extreme weather events, natural cataclysms, a mess of currents, and extinction of many endangered species.
It is not a secret that humanity is guilty of Global Warming. Global Warming and Climate Change deniers say that these processes are natural and will happen eventually, no matter how humanity will affect the Earth. They’re right, but only partially.
Humanity has accelerated the process of global warming dozens of times
Earth heats up by itself, it’s true, but this natural process takes tens of thousands of years. Humanity has accelerated this process dozens of times, heating the planet within a century. CO2 emissions alongside with greenhouse effect, deforestation, and ocean desalination fasten Global Warming at an unimaginable speed.
The Arctic is a giant area of permafrost that envelops some parts of the Russian Tundra and Alaskan peninsula. It is characterized by extremely low temperatures, mammoth glaciers, and endemic animal species such as polar bears, seals, walruses, moose, and many others. Most of the Arctic is covered with ice shields that can reach a hundred meters high or deep.
But now this land suffers a tremendous crisis because of human activity. Extensive usage of motor vehicles, land cultivation, deforestation, cattle breeding, fossil-fueled energetics, and many other factors increase global temperature levels.
Although the Arctic is the coldest and the remotest Earth’s region, it suffers the most because of its specificities. Now, the Arctic heats two times faster than the rest of the planet. Such heating could end up fatally to one of the most pristine and remotest corners of the Earth.
Reflective Properties of the Arctic Ice Shields
Arctic ice shields are blindingly white and reflect big amounts of direct sunlight. Apart from its immediate location, the Arctic remains cold due largely to the ice shields’ reflective ability.
But unfortunately, Arctic ice shield depletes, the potting place to dark and deep ocean waters and dark-colored land areas. Such replacement results in fastened heating of the Arctic region because the dark ocean waters that wash over floating glaciers and Arctic shores, lose heat and pass it to the glaciers.
This process causes glaciers to melt and represents a vicious circle. Global Warming has a direct connection with ice melting and the heater the planet will be, the faster Arctic glaciers will melt.
Ocean’s currents are strongly bound and if something changes, it affects the whole World’s Ocean. This way, the extensive ice melting releases colossal amounts of meltwater that stops ocean cold currents from entering the Arctic region. The cold Arctic Ocean is mixed with warm meltwater, causing extreme heating of the Arctic region.
Strong northern winds that create the Beaufort Maelstrom – an ocean phenomenon that mixes ocean currents. Since the area of the Arctic ice shields reduces very fast, northern winds fasten the Beaufort Maelstrom, causing the increased currents mixing.
This way, warm deep salty waters are being mixed with cold surface meltwater, causing extreme heating of the ocean surface. This way, the Arctic Ocean heats very fast, causing ice and polar ice caps to melt.
Because of these factors, the Arctic heats up two times faster than other planet’s regions. Long-term climate change could leave nothing from the Arctic that we knew because Global Warming in the tundra and the Arctic is only gaining momentum.
The polar climate is vulnerable to anthropogenic climate changes. The Arctic ecosystem collapses because of multiple factors each of which is only the consequence of humanity’s excessive consumption of natural resources.
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