TYPES OF BIOMES
The Earth is made up of so many different regions each unique and individual with its own special qualities, adaptations, and internal life, these biomes of the world are each important for different aspects of the circular ecosystem that work perfectly to create the world we live in. There are many different types of biomes but the major biomes of the world include the aquatic, the desert, grasslands, forests, and the tundra. However, there is even more than this as these are divided into more specific categories in which each slightly differs from the other. These biomes come as a result of climate and are usually contain very particular and harsh weather conditions in which its plant and animal life have perfectly adapted to in order to survive.
HOW MANY BIOMES ARE IN THE WORLD?
So exactly how many biomes are there? The main biomes of the world are divided into 5 different categories and here is a list of biomes on earth
These include both freshwater and marine biomes, each made up of a large pool of water surrounded by land. Marine biomes make up for an extremely large amount of the world, covering around three-quarters of the Earth’s surface. Freshwater biomes include rivers, lakes, and ponds, pretty much any surface of water that has less than one percent salt. Marine biomes include oceans, coral reefs, and estuaries.
Grasslands are large regions that are made up of a very warm and dry climate in which they are covered in grass. Grassland biomes are made up of two subcategories; the first is tropical grasslands which are typically found closer to the equator and have very few trees and plant life, they are also found mostly in Africa, South America, and Australia where is the climate is extremely warm. The second subcategory of grasslands is known as temperate grasslands, these are found further away from where the equator lies and do not have any plant and tree life as they do not receive as much rainfall and have either tall grasses or short grasses depending on their location. They can be found in places like South Africa, Argentina, and Hungary.
Another one of the different kinds of biomes are known as forests, most of us are familiar with the idea of a forest and what it entails but forests are one of the most if not the most important biomes on earth as it is where most of our terrestrial biodiversity comes from. Forests are made up of thousands of different species of trees and are home to millions of insects, birds, mammals, and flora and fauna species. The forest biome is divided into three different categories known as temperate forests, tropical forests, and boreal forests. Each of these has its own unique climate and therefore hold the different plant and animal life according to specific adaptations needed for survival. Tropical forests are warm throughout the year and experience very humid weather. Temperate forests experience all four seasons and have a large variety of ever-changing plant and animal life. Boreal forests experience must colder temperatures and are extremely dry and often covered in snow.
Deserts are very dry areas of land in which there is little to no rainfall. They cover around twenty percent of the earth’s surface and can be either hot or cold. The desserts extreme climate and harsh weather conditions mean that there are very little animal and plant life. The vegetation and animals that do exist in desert biomes have to have specific adaptations that allow them to survive. Small animals such as reptiles rodents and small animals can be found with most of them being nocturnal and having the ability to either survive on small amounts of water or being able to store water for long periods of time. Deserts are divided into four different categories each depending on their exact location and climate conditions that come as a result, these include hot and dry, coastal, cold, and semiarid.
The tundra has the lowest temperatures of all the biomes and also have very low amounts of precipitation each year. Due to these weather conditions that have very poor quality soil as they do not receive enough nutrients. There are two different types of tundras, one being the arctic and the other the alpine. The vegetation found in the tundra consists mainly of mosses, small shrubs, and grasses, this is because of the inability to grow through what is known as permafrost which is the slayer of frozen soil found directly under the top layer of ground. Arctic tundra is found in the northern regions whereas alpine tundra is found in the mountains where it is too high up for any trees to survive. Animals and plants living in the tundra have to have specific adaptations in order to survive extremely cold and dry climates.
So here is your answer to what are the different types of biomes and how and where they are formed in the world.
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