What day is Earth Day? What is Earth Day about?
Annually, on April 22nd, Earth Day is celebrated all around the world. However, the original Earth Day date is related to the environmental movement that began in 1970. So, why do we celebrate Earth Day?
Earth Day history
Earth Day founder is considered Gaylord Nelson who is a member of the United States Senate. He started the idea of creating national Earth Day in order to increase knowledge of the environment after seeing the oil spill in Santa Barbara, 1969. And then on April 22, 1970, around 20 million American people (at that moment 10% of the total population of the United States) walked the streets and parks showing the protest of environmental degradation. Later, by 1990, Earth Day gathered approximately 200 million people in 141 countries. This, in turn, finally raised environmental problems on the global stage.
Earth Day progress
The appearance of Earth Day ideas led to the approval of important laws in many countries, such as laws concerning clean air, pure water, and the protection of endangered species. But despite the success and progress for the latest decades, environmental problems such as biodiversity loss, plastic pollution, and most importantly climate change still exist. And they demand immediate actions from our side.
Earth Day 2021
This year, the event will take place on April 20. On this day Greta Thunberg together with other activists is expected to appear at the summit. What’s more, useful educational programs will be held on April 21. Then, on April 22-23, another summit will be held with the participation of 40 world leaders.
Earth Day tips and facts
- Did you know that Earth’s solidity of the crust is a relative concept? The surface of our planet is made from lithospheric plates that are in constant motion. And namely, they are responsible for earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
- The earth is composed of 32.1% iron, 30.1% oxygen, 15.1% silicon, and 13.9% magnesium.
- 70% of the Earth’s surface is not land but water.
- Our planet itself is a large magnet with poles.
- Earth is the only planet with life. This is true, despite the discovery of water and organic molecules on Mars.
Things to do on Earth Day
To achieve such ambitious goals as stopping global warming, everyone’s efforts are important. There are many reasons for global climate change. These are both natural warming-cooling cycles and human activity. For example, greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, drainage of swamps. All of this disrupts the natural balance and destroys ecosystems. In addition, the frequency and severity of natural disasters are increasing, because of the abnormal heat and cold, our health worsens, people get injured and get sick. But the city residents suffer the most.
According to the data, the average temperature in cities is 3-4 ° C higher than in the surrounding area. This is because there are more heat sources in cities such as manufacturing and cars. The temperature above the water, however, is practically unchanged both day and night. In parks, provincial areas, private sectors where green vegetation is preserved, the temperature is always lower than in the city center. Greening cities, planning recreation areas, parks, and reservoirs will purify the air and also cool the cities. For a better future for all of us, we need to reconsider our consumer habits, distribute energy-efficient technologies, environmentally friendly modes of transport. This is necessary in order not only to slow down climate change but also to reduce environmental pollution.
When thinking about what things to do for Earth Day, Facebook can be cited as a great example. Recently, Facebook announced that its global operations are now supported by 100% renewable energy and finally reached zero emissions. Over the past three years, the well-known company has managed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 94%, beating its previous goal of reducing by 75%. The company set such goals in 2018 and is now one of the largest corporate buyers of renewable energy.
Facebook is proud of its offices, which are known for not only beautiful interior design but also a place for entertainment and games. But most importantly, their offices, located in 18 US states and five countries, are supported by clean energy. For example, London offices are using efficient LED lighting everywhere, which has reduced the company’s carbon emissions by more than 41 tons per year. This compares to the same amount of electricity that ten houses use per one year. Then, in 2019, Facebook became a leader in disposing of plastic water bottles in their kitchens. This saved over 1.4 million water bottles estimated at 200,000 kilograms of plastic waste. Interestingly, Facebook even developed a bee-friendly terrace located in its London office.
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