What did the Perseverance rover manage to find on Mars?
NASA’s Perseverance rover spent its first month on the surface of Mars. He landed on February 18, and during this time he was engaged in geology, namely, taking photos of the surroundings and examining the rocks. The team of scientists has already determined that some of the rocks are chemically related to volcanic rocks on our planet and that some of them have been weathered by wind and water.
“So far, everything is going well”- say the mission’s researchers. As planned, major scientific experiments on the rover will be delayed for several more months while engineers proceed to test it. In addition, they plan to add a close-up camera and several chemical sensors to look for signs of life in Martian rocks.
In the meantime, scientists are discussing how the rover can successfully reach the delta of the ancient river, the existence of which must be proved by the first time. But it is the perfect aspect for early microbial development. But the road to this place passes the rocks, which the rover cannot cross.
But unfortunately, this won’t happen before June. A team of scientists should study the rocks nearby the arrival place. Lighter rocks are visible just around the rover, peeking out of the dark soil. The Perseverance used a laser instrument to determine that some of these rocks are chemically alike to basaltic rocks on our planet, which are created from molten rock. The tool shoots at rocks with a laser to exhale small pieces and study their chemical structure. With the help of this analysis, scientists can see signs of water in minerals.
Many of the rocks around the landing site appear to have been formed by strong winds. The winds appear to blow the rocks mainly from the northwest, a direction that matches the main wind patterns that circulate on Mars. Another dark-colored rock looks as if it was not the wind that had eroded on it, but the water. “This is very important for our study”- the scientists say.
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